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Keystone Crossroads: Rust or Revival? explores the urgent challenges pressing upon Pennsylvania's cities. Four public media newsrooms are collaborating to report in depth on the root causes of our state's urban crisis -- and on possible solutions. Keystone Crossroads offers reports on radio, web, social media, television and newspapers, and through public events.Our partner stations are WHYY in Philadelphia, WPSU in State College and witf in Harrisburg. Read all of the partner stories here.Pittsburgh’s WQED joins the collaboration as an associate partner. Support for this project comes from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

As Classes Begin, Philly Turnaround School Hoping For A Rebound

Emma Lee
Andrew Brooking, assistant principal at Philadelphia's Blaine Elementary.

Andrew Brooking’s future at Philadelphia’s Blaine Elementary seemed uncertain.

After four years teaching there, he was vying to become an assistant principal at the end of last school year, and figured that would mean an assignment elsewhere in the city.

But a conversation with a parent from the school’s Strawberry Mansion neighborhood — one home to deep poverty and violent crime — helped him understand why he needed to stay.

“The parent was, like, ‘No, you can’t, Mr. Brooking. This community needs you.’ She said it just like that — not ‘my kids’ or ‘I.’ It was: ‘Our community needs you.”

Brooking took the challenge to heart — a reminder that the career he’s devoted his life to can have a tremendous impact on the people around him.

“It’s what drives the work and makes it more sustainable,” he said.

In the end, Brooking got the best of both worlds. He became assistant principal at Blaine, a newly created position at the school that allowed him both to grow as a leader and to continue his commitment to the students and parents of Strawberry Mansion.

Four years ago, Brooking was part of a new wave of teachers at Blaine tasked with boosting academic outcomes and improving school culture.

He was featured prominently in the original WHYY radio documentary “Turnaround,” which tracked the first year of that transformation attempt in 2014-15.

In an interview just ahead of the start of the 2018-19 school year, Brooking reflected on the school’s progress since.

The original idea was that with some extra funding and a big revamp in staff, the school would be able to better serve Blaine’s students.


Credit Emma Lee / WHYY
Andrew Brooking, pictured here teaching math to sixth graders at Blaine Elementary during the 2014-15 school year.

Now, years later, the added funding, which was from Philadelphia School Partnership, has dried up. The school has seen plenty of teacher turnover, and its standardized test scores are still very low — and regressing.

“Success is a process,” said Brooking. “I don’t know if it’s black or white, yes or no.”

Brooking says last year was particularly difficult.

“It was really bad,” he said. “Parents not happy. It was really rough.”

After making what he felt were significant strides through three years, he says the bottom fell out when the extra funding disappeared. That coincided with a number of teacher vacancies.

“That created a huge lift on us. On top of all the funding that we were missing, we now had holes in our building,” he said. “I remember the beginning of the year last year, just walking around and [there were] just no teachers. Just subs in there. You can’t have that at the beginning of the year.”

Some of the vacancies were due to teachers on medical leave; others were the result of new, inexperienced teachers quitting.

“Teachers, particularly last year, would come and they weren’t prepared for our community, and prepared for the needs that our kids have,” he said.

Unsurprisingly, Blaine’s standardized test scores last year suffered as a result.

“We really just focused on attendance and climate last year, because we knew our academics — we don’t have teachers in front of the classed right now,” he recalled.

The attendance rate went up and student suspensions went down, but the frustration of parents was palpable.

“As administrators you can’t even say that the parents are wrong, because they are all right in that sense,” he said. “Their children deserve a teacher to be there.”

Brooking remains hopeful for this new school year. Blaine had 12 new teachers to hire this summer, and he says the vetting process was much more robust this time around.

“We want Blaine to be a place where you have the same teachers for years, he said. “So explaining that to teachers and letting them know:  we want you here for the long haul.”

Read the rest of this report on the site of our partner, Keystone Crossroads.