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Pennsylvania’s $73B school pension fund will finally learn what went wrong with key calculation

PSERS — the Public School Employees' Retirement System — is one of the largest such plans in the nation. It has been under federal investigation for months.
Tim Tai
Philadelphia Inquirer
PSERS brought in legal assistance as it learned that federal investigators had subpoenaed information about the board’s adoption of a false, unduly high figure for investment returns.

In a secret session and after the circulation of a controversial non-disclosure agreement, the board of Pennsylvania’s embattled teachers’ pension fund is finally learning the results of a months-long internal review into its exaggerated profit figure and questions about its purchase of Harrisburg real estate.

For three months, the 15 board members of the $73 billion Pennsylvania Public School Employees’ Retirement System have nervously and gingerly debated when to hear the potentially explosive report by a fund-hired law firm, repeatedly pushing back the date to do so. On Monday morning, the board went into a closed meeting in Harrisburg to be briefed on the report.

It remains unclear when and how much the public will learn about the firm’s review. The lawyers from the Womble Bond Dickinson law firm, who so far have been paid nearly $500,000 for their investigation, put the board on edge in November by citing the strong legal rights of those criticized in the review and suggesting that the fund might release only a summary or a censored document.

To keep the report secret for now, PSERS asked board members to sign a highly detailed, four-page nondisclosure agreement that forbids the release of anything from the review to unauthorized people or “any member of the media.’” The signers must agree that their release of information would cause “irreparable harm” to the board.

Several board members have lambasted the NDA and said they would refuse to sign it. Gov. Tom Wolf and other political leaders have called for the so-called Womble report to be made public. After several days of debate over the NDA, the pension fund clarified that members would not be required to sign it.

At least three of the volunteer board’s 15 members — Nathan Mains, chief executive of the state’s School Boards Association, state Treasurer Stacy Garrity and state Sen. Katie Muth (D., Montgomery) — said publicly they would not sign the NDA.

Republican State Treasurer Stacy Garrity was one of at least three of the board’s 15 members who said publicly they would not sign the NDA.
Tyger Williams
The Philadelphia Inquirer
Republican State Treasurer Stacy Garrity was one of at least three of the board’s 15 members who said publicly they would not sign the NDA.

“It is unfortunate,” Main wrote to the board over the weekend, “that actions by a few have overly-complicated a process that should have been simple — conduct a thorough investigation, present the findings to the full Board and permit the public to understand what has occurred through a transparent release of the report.

“I urge my fellow trustees to act unanimously to direct that the findings of the internal investigation be made available to the public as comprehensively and quickly as is possible,” Mains added. “The annuitants and the public are entitled to nothing less than immediate and transparent disclosure following the Womble briefing.”

The fund brought in Womble, along with two other outside law firms, as it learned that federal prosecutors, the FBI, and the U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission had subpoenaed information about the board’s adoption of a false, unduly high figure for investment returns. The federal investigators have also been looking at the fund’s $5 million appropriation to buy real estate near its offices and into suggestions that PSERS staff improperly accepted gifts from vendors.

Federal authorities have said nothing about their investigations. Their completion, whenever that occurs, is sure to be another watershed event for the massive pension fund, which sends $6 billion yearly in retirement checks to ex-teachers and other former school workers.

PEERS has also been silent about the issues under investigation. In a leaked document obtained by The Inquirer and Spotlight PA, one of the fund’s key consultants, Chicago-based Aon, seemed to take the blamefor part of the problem, saying investment-performance data had been corrupted by “inadvertent clerical mistakes at a data-entry level.”

Other leaked documents suggested that the fund had erred by using unaudited figures in its initial calculation of performance profits.

PSERS hired Womble in March to review “the circumstances that preceded and followed” PSERS’ “misstatement of investment performance” in a key vote in December 2020. The board said wrongly that return was just above a target that would have forced 100,000 working staff hired in the last decade to pay 8% of their paychecks to finance the system, up from 7.5%.

Internal PSERS email revealed

In April, that’s exactly what happened when the board admitted the figure was wrong. It adopted a new, lower number that forced an increase in payments by working teachers and their colleagues.

But before the error was apparent, the higher figure was celebrated in an exchange between then-PSERS Executive Director Glen Grell and James Vaughan, executive director of the influential Pennsylvania State Education Association union, whose members hold five PSERS board seats. Their email exchange was recently obtained by The Inquirer by filing a request under the state Right-to-Know Law.

“Heads up,” Grell wrote to Vaughan on Dec. 3, 2020, the evening before the board meeting at which the initial profit report was made public.

Teachers would face no hike, Grell wrote. He said PSERS had narrowly crested the figure that would have triggered the rise in payments.

“Now that is some fantastic news right there!” the union leader wrote back.

He added: “I bet more than a few are celebrating that. Wow! That’s close.”

“AND it’s somebody’s final Board Meeting!!” Grell added.

This was a swipe at then-state Treasurer Joseph Torsella, who was leaving the board, having lost his ex officio seat after his reelection defeat the previous month. Torsella had been a persistent critic of fund management. The union has been a persistent ally.

Torsella’s departure would also prove short-lived: He soon returned to the board as Wolf’s representative, where he renewed a push for investment reforms. As for Grell, he announced his retirement in November.

This developing story will be updated.

90.5 WESA partners with Spotlight PA, a collaborative, reader-funded newsroom producing accountability journalism for all of Pennsylvania. More at