Zimbabwean forces have engaged in "systematic torture" of protesters, the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission has found. The torture, mostly consisting of "indiscriminate and severe beatings," follows several days of looting, fires and street barricades by protesters angry over high fuel prices.
The country has been mired in violent protests after President Emmerson Mnangagwa more than doubled fuel prices earlier this month. At least 12 people have been reported killed, while hundreds have been arrested and jailed. Mnangagwa was initially seen as a more liberal successor to the authoritarian leader Robert Mugabe, who left power after 37 years in office. But as NPR has reported, Zimbabweans fear Mnangagwa may be just as repressive as his predecessor.
Likewise, violence or misconduct by our security forces is unacceptable and a betrayal of the new Zimbabwe. Chaos and insubordination will not be tolerated. Misconduct will be investigated. If required, heads will roll 3/4— President of Zimbabwe (@edmnangagwa) January 22, 2019
Witnesses told the ZHRC that security forces from the Zimbabwe National Army and Zimbabwe Republic Police went into houses at night, asked the males to go outside and lie on the ground, and then beat them. Forces "would also target men and boys who live in houses that are near areas where looting took place or where barricades were set up and just make dragnet arrests without investigating," the report said. Boys as young as 11 years old were allegedly beaten.
"Torture was perpetrated through beating the men with baton sticks on their backs while they lay on the ground," the ZHRC found. In some cases, troops specifically targeted people sympathetic to the opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change, including members of parliament, the commission said.
Responding to the report, a senior official told journalists that "when things get out of hand, a little firmness is needed," the BBC reported.
In a statement, Mnangagwa condemned the violence by the country's security forces. "Violence or misconduct by our security forces is unacceptable and a betrayal of the new Zimbabwe," he said on Twitter. "Chaos and insubordination will not be tolerated. Misconduct will be investigated. If required, heads will roll."
Mnangagwa also defended his effort to stabilize the country's fuel supply by increasing prices, and criticized the violent protests that ensued. "Everyone has the right to protest, but this was not a peaceful protest," he said. "Wanton violence and cynical destruction; looting police stations, stealing guns and uniforms; incitement and threats of violence. This is not the Zimbabwean way."
The torture reported by the ZHRC is an escalation of the type of repression the country experienced during the recent election, NPR's East Africa Correspondent Eyder Peralta reports. "Zimbabwe has a long record of significant human rights abuses," he says. "Security agents have long acted with impunity to silence and sideline dissenters."
Although the ZHRC is an independent government agency mandated by the constitution, it doesn't have the power to dole out punishment, Peralta says. "So little action is likely to come out of this report." Last year, the government put together another independent government commission to look at the killing of six people following the elections last year. That commission found the military used excess force, but no one has been punished, Peralta reports.
Activists associated with the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions, which called for a general strike last week, are facing the most harsh government crackdown following protests, Peralta reports. Its secretary general, Japhet Moyo, is facing charges of "attempting to overthrow" a constitutionally elected government, the ZCTU says.
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