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Lawsuits Likely If PA Expands Online Sales Taxation

Sarah Kovash
90.5 WESA
Some state legislators want to balance the budget through an expansion of online sales tax, but some fear the change will bring lawsuits.

A portion of the state Senate’s latest, tax-heavy plan to balance the commonwealth's budget is likely to prompt some legal entanglement.

Senators’ proposal to expand how the commonwealth’s sales tax is applied to online transactions is modeled on similar attempts by other states.

Those states are already facing lawsuits.

If the measure passes the House and governor, it would require online marketplaces—like Amazon—to charge sales tax on items they sell via third-party vendors.

The move is expected to net more than $40 million annually.

Colorado and Washington state recently passed similar measures, and a number of other states have approved alternative laws with the same goal: stemming the loss of tax revenue to online, out-of-state vendors.

Senate GOP leader Jake Corman—an author of the Pennsylvania proposal—said it’s about fairness.

“Brick and mortar [stores] in Pennsylvania, and employees in Pennsylvania, have to charge a sales tax, and they’re competing against companies who don’t,” he said.

But others don’t see it that way—like Steve DelBianco, executive director of the e-commerce trade association, NetChoice.

“Marketplaces cannot be held accountable for the sales made by stores that happen to use their platform,” he said. “That’s as if you would require a shopping mall to be responsible for sales tax on sales made by stores in the mall—that’s ridiculous in the real world, and it’s just as indefensible in the online world.”

NetChoice has been busy filing lawsuits against the states who have passed or are considering so-called “marketplace fairness” laws.

Corman says that’s why Pennsylvania lawmakers jumped on the bandwagon.

“Other states are doing this,” he said. “We’re following other states.”

A few of the cases are on their way to the Supreme Court, where they’ll likely be used to determine whether the decades-old rulings that are still used as the basis for online taxation policy are still valid.

Those rulings—which date back to 1967 and 1992, before e-commerce was a factor in sales—stipulate that companies don’t have to pay sales taxes unless they have a physical presence in the state where those taxes are levied.

WESA will be surveying Pennsylvania candidates for federal and state office for the 2022 general election — tell us which issues are most important to you.