Allegheny County Executive Rich Fitzgerald reintroduced legislation Tuesday that would make lead tests mandatory for children under 2 years old in Allegheny County.
The legislation was unanimously approved by the Allegheny County Board of Health in May. However, Allegheny County Council members failed to act on it.
Under the proposed mandate, parents would take their children to get tested when they are between 9 and 12 months old. The children would be tested again at 2 years of age to see if their lead levels have changed, with exemptions offered for medical, religious or moral reasons.
Fitzgerald said he would like to see more children being tested in areas where they are more likely to be exposed to lead, such as those who live in older houses with lead paint. Health officials have said no level of lead found in a child is safe, but if a child in is found with levels between 5 and 9 micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood, parents would be given information about how to lower lead exposure risks.
“If somebody is above that level,” Fitzgerald said. “We can go in and try to find out why and try to make some corrective action.”
That corrective action could include partnering with parents and helping them with lead remediation.
“I think this is a good piece of legislation and good proactive work that the Health Department is doing,” he said.
Fitzgerald said there has been improvement over the past several years. Six years ago, 3 percent of local children had lead levels above 10 micrograms per deciliter of blood. Now, that number is down to 1 percent, he said.
Still, Fitzgerald said he would like to see more children being tested.
“I think anytime you can do testing early on and be preventative, that’s going to be helpful,” Fitzgerald said. “This is to encourage more parents to get their children, particularly under the age of two, to be tested.”
If approved, Allegheny County would be the first in the state to require all children to be tested for high lead levels in their blood.