A bill aimed at saving two of Pennsylvania’s nuclear power plants from early retirement is getting an expectedly mixed reception in the state Senate.
The first committee hearing on the measure Wednesday saw nuclear and natural gas proponents clash over how to make Pennsylvania’s energy markets fair.
The proposal would recognize Pennsylvania’s five nuclear plants as carbon-free energy, and add them to the commonwealth’s Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard.
That law requires electric utilities to buy power from clean sources, like wind and solar. By adding nuclear to the mix, proponents hope to bolster it in a market increasingly dominated by natural gas.
Gas lobbyists argue nuke plants are already mostly profitable, save Three Mile Island, which has only one reactor.
Marcellus Shale Coalition President Dave Spiglemyer said giving them a leg up is unfair.
“No real reason has been given to pass this legislation, other than we need the money to enhance our profit margin and to charge more for nuclear power,” he said. “This is a battle being waged against your constituents, the rate payer of Pennsylvania.”
The bill is expected to add about $1.53 per month to the average consumer’s electric bill.
Lancaster County Republican Senator Ryan Aument, who’s sponsoring the bill, didn’t dispute that. But he argued that Pennsylvania “will end up paying far more in the future if our nuclear power plants are permitted to prematurely retire.”
He is basing that assessment on an analysis from the Brattle Group, which studied potential impacts of all five of the commonwealth’s nuclear plants shutting down.
The researchers reported, the reduction of in-state energy production would likely drive electric utilities to purchase power from other states at a markup to consumers. That, they estimated, would result in a markup of around $6.6 billion over ten years—about 37 percent of which would fall on residential customers.
A parallel bill in the House has gotten similar responses.
The Senate version has a few major differences. For one, it includes a provision that requires nuclear plants refund money from the AEPS credit if it fails to produce electricity. And it gives non-nuclear resources more opportunity to utilize the new tier 3 credits.
That lack of inclusion was a key reason environmental groups balked at the House’s initial proposal. After the Senate bill was released, a representative for the Natural Resources Defense Council said it was still “deeply flawed.”
Without intervention, the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor near Harrisburg is expected to close in September. The Beaver Valley plant outside Pittsburgh faces a 2021 retirement.