The governors of seven northeastern states, including Pennsylvania, say they will work together to outline how businesses and other institutions will reopen once the coronavirus outbreak is under control.
Representatives from the states will comprise a special council that will start meeting Tuesday to draft plans for how to lift restrictions and restart the economy. The governors didn’t announce a timeline for action, but New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) says he wants the group to create guidelines within weeks.
“And we’ll say to the group, ‘We want it ASAP. But we want it smart,’” Cuomo said during a Monday afternoon news conference. “This is about being smart, first. Not political. Sm art.”
Officials from Pennsylvania will work with their counterparts from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, Rhode Island and Massachusetts. All the states except Massachusetts are led by a Democratic governor.
The announcement by the governors came on the same day that President Donald Trump tweeted that the decision to reopen the economy is up to the president and federal government, not the states.
Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf (D) said he disagreed.
“Well, seeing as how we had the responsibility for closing the state down, I think we probably have the primary responsibility for opening it up,” Wolf said when asked about the president’s comments.
Wolf didn’t mention the president by name.
“I don’t think, you know, we’re trying to say anything negative about anybody,” Wolf said. “We’re simply saying it was our responsibility to steer our way through these uncharted waters, and it’s our responsibility to figure out a way back.”
Multiple legal experts agree that the responsibility for lifting restrictions falls on governors and local leaders.
Though the seven governors agreed to coordinate on reopening their states’ economies, they haven’t taken identical approaches to which businesses and institutions to order closed in their respective states. For example, they followed different timelines for shutting down schools, and they differ on the types of businesses they ordered to close physical locations.
In Pennsylvania, for instance, the Wolf administration says home construction can only continue if a final occupancy permit has already been issued, or to make needed emergency repairs.
In New Jersey, Gov. Phil Murphy says home construction projects can continue if someone has already entered into a legally binding agreement to occupy the home by a certain date, and the construction is necessary so the unit is available. Murphy’s guidelines also say projects exclusively to build affordable housing can continue.
In Delaware, Gov. Jay Carney listed home construction as an essential industry.
During Monday’s news conference, Gov. Cuomo of New York acknowledged that schedule for reopening businesses and certain institutions might be different in states and in different regions of a state. But he said the goal is to take a similar approach.
“All of these decisions affect everyone in the entire region,” Cuomo said. “What this virus says is, ‘All of your lines and boundaries make no sense.'”
Wolf’s power to order non-essential businesses to close was upheld by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court in a ruling issued Monday afternoon. A group of plaintiffs filed suit seeking to overturn Wolf’s order on a number of procedural and constitutional grounds, but in the majority ruling, Justice Christine Donohue wrote, “Faced with protecting the health and lives of 12.8 million Pennsylvania citizens, we find that the impact of the closure of these businesses caused by the exercise of police power is not unduly oppressive. The protection of the lives and health of millions of Pennsylvania residents is the sine qua non of a proper exercise of police power.”
Updated at 5:55 p.m.: This story was updated to reflect that Massachusetts joined the council later on Monday. It was also updated to reflect that the Pennsylvania Supreme Court on Monday afternoon upheld Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf’s power to close businesses.
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