Play Live Radio
Next Up:
0:00
0:00
Available On Air Stations
Contact 90.5 WESA with a story idea or news tip: news@wesa.fm

Will Pittsburgh's Paid Sick Leave Policy Help Slow The Spread Of Coronavirus?

OConnor_sick_leave.jpg
Liz Reid
/
90.5 WESA
Pittsburgh City Councilor Corey O'Connor speaks to the media alongside workers supporting the paid sick leave policy in 2015.

On Sunday, Pittsburgh officially began a paid sick leave policy that guarantees earned time off for any full or part time employees who are sick or caring for sick family members. The policy, which was passed in August 2015 but was delayed because of a lawsuit, is being implemented just as public health experts warn that roughly half of Allegheny County residents are expected to acquire coronavirus over the next couple of months.  

A 2018 study found that policies like this have cut flu infection rates by as much as 40% compared to cities without paid sick leave policies, by reducing the risk of illness transmission.

The University of Pittsburgh conducted a study in 2013 that simulated spread of flu transmissions, and found that universal access to paid sick leave reduced workplace flu infections by 6%. University of Pittsburgh public health professor Steven Albert estimated that about 12% of flu transmissions occur in the workplace, largely when people come to work feeling sick. Though a 6% reduction in transmission may seem like a small number, it translates to many more people staying healthy.

“You would cut maybe 3,500 to 4,000 infections per season in Allegheny County,” Albert said. “That’s not a trivial number.”

But Albert said it’s likely too late for the city’s sick leave policy to have a substantial impact on the coronavirus, because people need to work in order to accrue sick leave. At businesses with 15 or more employees, employees receive one hour of paid sick leave for every 35 hours worked. For smaller businesses, employees can accrue unpaid sick time at the same rate. With local businesses shutting their doors or scaling back hours in an effort to stop the spread of coronavirus, many workers will see the accrual of paid sick leave slow down for the foreseeable future.

“It may be too late for this policy to do too much. But imagine we had such a thing in place; it’d be easier for people to stay home when they feel that something is coming on. I think it would probably be a boon,” Albert said.

Albert said that it would be better to frontload paid sick leave so that people don’t have to wait to accrue sick hours before they can stay home from work; that’s a view shared by local advocacy group Pittsburgh United, which fought for the sick leave ordinance.

Albert said the coronavirus pandemic highlights the importance of having a stronger public health policies that include paid sick leave.

“I don’t think we’re there yet, and something like this shows all the weaknesses,” he said.

Maria Rose is a researcher and writer who favors longform narratives, data journalism, and podcasts. She focuses on environmental reporting and is particularly interested in rural vs. urban dynamics. Prior to living in Pittsburgh, Maria worked in Thailand with a local NGO, designing programs on child rights, migrant rights, and statelessness. Maria has worked as a freelancer for StartNow Pittsburgh and associate editor for Postindustrial. She is also an associate producer for Resettled, a podcast on refugee resettlement with NPR and WCVE, and a fact-checker for PublicSource. If she's not writing, you can probably find her routesetting, coaching, and napping at ASCEND: PGH.
To make informed decisions, the public must receive unbiased truth.

As Southwestern Pennsylvania’s only independent public radio news and information station, we give voice to provocative ideas that foster a vibrant, informed, diverse and caring community.

WESA is primarily funded by listener contributions. Your financial support comes with no strings attached. It is free from commercial or political influence…that’s what makes WESA a free vital community resource. Your support funds important local journalism by WESA and NPR national reporters.

You give what you can, and you get news you can trust.
Please give now to continue providing fact-based journalism — a monthly gift of just $5 or $10 makes a big difference.